Legal Article - Health & Safety

The Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995 (RIDDOR)

Employers and self-employed people must report work-related accidents, diseases and dangerous occurrences to either the environmental health department of the local authority, or the area office of the Health and Safety Executive.

Employers need to act in the following circumstances:

i. Death or major injury. If an employee or self-employed person is killed or suffers a major injury (including as a result of physical violence) at work, or a member of the public is killed or taken to hospital, the authorities must be notified without delay (e.g. telephone) and within ten days the authorised accident report form (F2508) must be completed and sent.

ii. Over three day injury. If there is an accident connected with work (including an act of physical violence) and an employee or self-employed person working on the employer’s premises, suffers an over three day injury, a completed F2508 form must be sent to the enforcing authority within ten days. An over three day injury is one which is not major but results in the injured person being away from work or unable to do their normal work for more than three days (including non work days).

iii. Disease. If a doctor notifies the employer that one of his/her employees suffers from a reportable work related disease, the employer must send a completed disease report form (F2508A) to the enforcing authority.

iv. Dangerous occurrence. If something happens which does not result in a reportable injury, but which clearly could have done, then it may be a dangerous occurrence which must be reported immediately (e.g. by telephone). Within ten days a completed accident report form (F2508) must be sent.

Employers must keep a record of any reportable injury, disease or dangerous occurrence. This must include the date and method of reporting; the date, time and place of the event, personal details of those involved and a brief description of the nature of the event or disease.

The record can be kept in any form whatsoever, for example by keeping copies of completed report forms in a file or recording the details on a computer.

Reportable Major Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Major injuries

• Fracture other than to fingers, thumb or toes

• Amputations

• Dislocation of the shoulder, hip, knee or spine

• Loss of sight (temporary or permanent)

• Chemical or hot metal burn to the eye or any penetrating injury to the eye

• Injury resulting from an electrical shock or burn leading to unconsciousness, or requiring resuscitation or admittance to hospital for more than 24 hours

• Any other injury leading to hypothermia, heat-induced illness or unconsciousness, or requiring resuscitation, or requiring admittance to hospital for more than 24 hours

• Unconsciousness caused by asphyxia or exposure to harmful substances

Acute illness requiring medical treatment, or loss of consciousness arising from absorption of any substance by inhalation, ingestion or through the skin.

Dangerous occurrences

• Collapse, overturning or failure of load-bearing parts of lifts and lifting equipment

• Explosion, collapse or bursting of any closed vessel or associated pipework
• Electrical short circuit or overload causing fire or explosion

• Malfunction of breathing apparatus while in use or during testing immediately before use
• Unintended collision of vehicles

• Explosion or fire causing suspension of normal work for over 24 hours

• Accidental release of any substance, which may damage health.

Reportable diseases

• Poisonings

• Skin diseases such as occupational dermatitis, skin cancer, chrome ulcer or oil

• Folliculitis/acne

• Lung diseases including occupational asthma and asbestosis

• Other conditions such as occupational cancer, musculoskeletal disorders and handarm vibration syndrome.

Published: 23 Mar 2011

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